The name “Chitwan” has a few conceivable implications, yet the most strict interpretation of the two NEPALI words that make it up: chit or chita (heart) and wan or boycott (bush). Chitwan is subsequently ‘the heart of the bush’.
At the start of the nineteenth century, growth in the valley was deliberately restricted by the legislature of Nepal with a specific end goal to support a boundary of illness ridden woods as a protection against the intrusion of sicknesses from the south. At that point for the century between 1846 and 1950, when the Rana head administrators were true leaders of Nepal, Chitwan was proclaimed a private chasing store, kept up solely for the favored classes. Punishments for poaching were serious – the death penalty for murdering rhino – and the untamed life in the region consequently accepted a measure of insurance.
Every once in a while extraordinary chases for rhino were held throughout the cool, without mosquito winter months from December to February. The Ranas welcomed eminence from Europe and the Princely States of India, and also other outside dignitaries, to tune in these excellent moves, which were composed on an eminent scale, regularly with a few hundred panthers.
At the time of its foundation the recreation center secured 210 square miles. After an enlargement in 1980, it now blankets 620 square miles, and an alternate amplification, now proposed, and holds a wide mixed bag of territories, from the field and riverine woodlands of the valleys to the sal woodland on the slopes and the chir pine that develops along the edges.
The Park comprises of a differences of environments including the Churia mounds, Ox-bow lakes, and the surge fields of the Rapti, Reu and Narayani Rivers. The Churia rises climb gradually towards the East from 150 m. to more than 800 m. The western segment of the Park is included the more level however more rough, Someshwor mount. The Park imparts its eastern limit to the Parsa Wildlife Reserve.
The Chitwan valley comprises of tropical and subtropical timberlands. Sal backwoods blanket 70 percent of the recreation center. Sal leaves are utilized by regional standards for plates as a part of celebrations and religious offerings.
Prairies blanket 20 percent of the Park. There are more than 50 separate sorts of grasses, including the elephant grass (Saccharum spp), eminent for its colossal tallness. It can grow up to 8m in stature. The recreation center is home to more than 50 vertebrate species, in excess of 525 flying creatures, and 55 creatures of land and water and reptiles. The jeopardized fauna found in the Park are: One-horned rhinoceros, Gaur. Regal Bengal tiger. Wild elephant, Four horned eland, Pangolin, Golden screen reptile, Python, and so on. Bengal florican. Lesser florican, Giant hornbill, Black stork, White stork, and so on.
The Park offers fascinating destinations and exercises. The presentation at the guest focus at Sauraha gives captivating data on untamed life and preservation program. The ladies’ client bunches’ gift shop offers an assortment of painstaking work and other neighborhood items for blessings and gifts.
Elephant safari gives chance to get a closer perspective of the jeopardized one-horned rhinoceros. One may additionally get a flash of the exlusive Bengal tiger. The Elephant Breeding Center at Khorsor, Sauraha provides for you data on hostage elephant and the calves conceived there.
The display center at Kasara, the Park base camp, has useful showcases close to the HQ guests can see Bikram Baba, a Hindu religious site of archival quality. A short walk (1km) from the Park HQ will take you to the Gharial Breeding Center, which is additionally a home to the Marsh mugger, gharial crocodiles and different turtles.
Activities can be done in Chitwan National Park
- Highlights of Safari
- Elephant Safari
- Jungle/Nature Walk
- Bird Watching
- Camping & Hiking
- Study Tour
- Cultural Tour
- Nature Tour
- Visit to Crocodile Breeding Center
- Village Tour
- Cultural Programme
- Boating/Canoeing Trip