Patan Durbar Square:
Patan Durbar Square complex, situated in the center of Patan city, houses the residence of the former family of Patan. The Square and its surroundings provide very good example of ancient Newari architecture. The palace has three main courtyards the central and the oldest is Mul Chowk. To the west of the complex are a dozen free standing temples of various sizes and styles. Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple, the Golden Temple of Hiranya Varna Mahavira and Sundari Chowk mark the architectural excellence of its era. The Sundari Chowk with the sunken bath of Tusha Hiti, contains exquisite woodcarvings, stone, and metal sculpture. Patan Durbar Square also houses a temple of Taleju Bhawani.
Bungmati and Khokana:
About 6km. South of Patan lies the two medieval village of Bungmati and Khokana. To reach these villages one has to follow the straight road from the Tibetan refugee Camp on Jawalakhel. About 5000 people live in Bungmati and 3000 inhabitants in Khonkana. Most of the people are Newars. From Khokana, Bungmati is 15 minutes walk. In these villages on can see typical Newari houses. Also these villages are popular for chilly and mustard oil. The best time to visit Bungmati and Khokana is in October and November because at that time the whole village looks colorful. They hand red chilly garland from the top floor to the ground floor in the whole village. Most of the farmers in these villages are either involved in spinning or oil pressing business. The mustard oil of Khokana is still popular in Kathmandu valley.
Attractions of Patan
Kumbeshwor temple in Patan and Nyatapole temple in Bhaktapur are the only temples in the Valley with five roofs, with the exception of the round five tiered Pancha Mukhi Hanuman of Kathmandu’s Hanuman Dhoka Palace. This temple of Lord Shiva was built during the reign of King Jayasiddhi Malla. Later a golden finial was added to it. A religious fair is held here on the janai Poornima day in August.
Three Main Chowks
The main attraction of Patan Durbar square is the ancient Royal Palace indeed. It consists of three main chowk, Sundari Chowk and Mani Keshab Narayan Chowk. In the northeastern corner of the Mul chowk is the three storied octagonal temple of Taleju Bhawani Buildt by King Shree Niwas Malla in 1667. The Sundari Chowk holds in its centre a masterpiece of stone sculptures popularity known as Royal bath. Between the central Mul chowk and Mani Keshab Naryayan Chowk lies a temple of Degu Taleju looking out into the main square.
About 10mins walk from Patan Dubar Square lies this Buddhist temple made of high quality bricks in which thousands of images of Lord Buddha are engraved. The Terracotta structure is one of the 14th century Nepalese architectural masterpieces. It was constructed by an architect named Avay Raj.
Rudra Barna Mahavihar
this unique Buddhist monastery complex contains an amazing collection of five images and statues in mental , stone and wood. Many Kings in ancient times were crowned in this monastery. Many of the treasures offered by the devotees can be seen here even today.
It was established towards the beginning of the 6th century to house an idol of Lord Buddha. The Mahavihar was reconstructed not too long ago.It has altogether 30 rooms in this complex including, “Dhyankuti” research room, Training room, library and review room guest room and so on. Situated behind the ashoka Stupa at Pulchowk, the Mahavihar commands a beautiful view of Kathmandu Valley.
Temples of Red Machhendranath and Minnath
The temple of Red Machhendra Nath , built in 1408 A.D is situated at Tabahal. Red Machhendra also known as Avolokiteshwor is housed here in for six months and another temple of Min Nath is situated at Tangal which is supposed to be older than the temple of Red Machhendra Nath.
Hiranya Varna Mahavihar ( Golden Temple)
This three story golden pagoda of Shakyamuni (Lord Buddha) was built in the 21st century by King Bhaskar Verma , it is located in the courtyard of Kwabahal. Inside the upper storey of this pagoda, placed on the pedestal, are the white image of Amoshpash Lokeshwor and a large prayer wheel. There is a wealth of gems like beautiful carving on its walls and painting depicting a complete life history of Buddha.